There he was born on November 13, 354, and at the age of seventeen, without parental vigilance or the ultra-puritanical fervor of a mother devoted to her faith, the young man saw first-hand “a hotbed of sinful love”, as Saint Augustine himself refers in his Confessions.
(Also read: Socrates was ‘super nice people’).
He notes that this was one of the facts that exhorted, in him, one of the three great objectives of his Christian-philosophical approach, as was the search for the truth in the origin of man’s bad actions.
Well, it is about Aurelius Agustinus, the son of a modest home in which the father was a pagan with the sole objective of guaranteeing the best education for his son but who, lacking a comfortable budget, dedicated his efforts to achieving of the best ‘educational patron’ that Agustín could have.
This woke him up, after reading Hortensio, a lost work of Cicero that “contains an invitation to philosophy” – as Saint Augustine writes in Confessions -.
“I must confess that reading it changed my ways of feeling, the prayers that I addressed to you, Lord, and it awakened in my bosom new longings and new desires. Suddenly all vain hope appeared vile before my eyes, and my heart began to desire immortal wisdom with unprecedented ardor”, EA Dal Maschio quotes Saint Augustine in his book The Doctor of Grace against Evil, from the Discover collection The philosophy.
And this impulse of wisdom led him to the reading of the Holy Scriptures, due to the strong influence of his mother’s religiosity.
(You may be interested in: Freud: with the mind between passions and hysteria).
However, the contradictions, fantasies and even evil that he found disappointed him and therefore, he took on the task of seeking a different “enlightenment” for his reading of pseudo-philosophical doctrines.
He found this in an oriental sect of great success among the notables of the empire, the Manichaeans (followers of the prophet Mani, a current that also disenchanted him as the young professor of oratory began to study, on his own, the theories of great philosophers, which offered notions about the created world, with rational tests and calculations backed by the succession of the seasons and astronomical phenomena.
Today it is Saint Augustine, the philosopher who explained to us that paying taxes does not make you a better person, nor do you do good when you pay them, because you do it forced:
Nemo invictus bene facit etiamsi bonum sit quod facit
(Nobody, forced, does well, even if what they are forced to do is good) pic.twitter.com/MQi92wxCfb
– miguel angel quintana paz (@quintanapaz) August 28, 2020
There he reinforced his knowledge of Plato’s theories, which serve as a backdrop to the argument about the role of the bishop delegate of Hippo in 395 and the most important representative of Catholicism in the history of rational knowledge (plain and simple definition of philosophy). ).
Regarding Saint Augustine’s escape from Manichaeism (without having to give up the search for the answer to the question that obsessed him with your life: how can the existence of evil in the world be explained?), adds the author of Saint Augustine.
The Doctor of Grace against Evil: “Platonism offered him a framework with which to give philosophical dignity to the Christian doctrine in which he had been educated, and which until then had seemed to him to lack the least dignity and intellectual solvency, at the same time that it revealed to him the possibility of conceiving an immaterial reality with which to overcome the limitations imposed by the crude materialism of Mani’s doctrines. He thus opened the door to the free adoption of the Christian faith, without having to be ashamed of it any more”.
Saint Augustine, son of Saint Monica, was a Christian writer, theologian and philosopher. He was a prolific author, devoting much of his life to writing on philosophy and theology, his most notable works being Confessions and The City of God. pic.twitter.com/WEkCjW8vgr
— EWTN SPANISH (@EWTNespanol) August 28, 2021
2. Bad son? Ungrateful? His motives are unknown, but despite his father’s great efforts to provide him with the best education from his Romanian, Saint Augustine never referred to him in his writings. Only in Book III of the Confessions, while recounting the impression made on him by reading Cicero’s Hortensius, Augustine writes that he was then 18 years old “and my father had died two years before”.
3. Radical mother. After his first stage of study in Carthage (year 375), St. Augustine returned to the bosom of the house, in his native Tagaste; but his mother closed her doors to him, horrified by the troubled Manichean ideas with which her son arrived (the Manichaeans were cataloged as the ‘Bolsheviks’ of the fourth century) and by his slip in the face of the seduction of the flesh.
San Agustin. The Doctor of Grace against Evil will circulate this week with EL TIEMPO, with a price of 26,900 pesos. Those interested in acquiring the complete collection at a price of 589,000 pesos for subscribers and 787,000 pesos for non-subscribers (this price will have a special discount for non-subscribers who, when buying thirty books in the same transaction, will pay 719,000 pesos) may make it through store.eltiempo.com/filosofia or calling in Bogotá at 4 26 6000, option 3, and on the free national line 01 8000 110 990.