Inclusive, It is said that in his days of greatest fame, the philosopher was besieged by universities in large cities to be part of their professor payrolls. and teachers, but he “preferred to stay in his hometown, rather provincial and only famous for its presence,” writes Joan Solé in his book ‘The Copernican turn in philosophythird installment of the collection Discover the philosophy that circulates with EL TIEMPO.
Right there, at the University of Königsberg, Kant began his intellectual training in theology, mathematics, physics, philosophy, and classical Latin literature; Although he was a model student, theology was not his strong suit and, in fact,a good part of his Critique of Pure Reason hovers in the confrontation of its theoretical foundations.
The same did not happen with the other sciences that he studied and that is why the first part of his emblematic work is a praise to the certainty, accuracy and uniqueness of Newton’s mathematics and physics, which, for Kant, were so necessary as true.
Although he had the luxury of rejecting offers from universities such as the one in Berlin due to his desire to establish roots in his hometown – which, for fifteen years, denied him job placements on several occasions, due to lack of budget to pay him – Kant managed to his first chair in 1770 at age 46, focused on mathematics and logic.
Thus, he was able to begin to rehearse and put into practice the ideas of what would be his Critique of Pure Reason with the students in his class, who exceeded the capacity of the classroom and even arrived at six in the morning to find a free place, since his teacher did not limit himself to repeating knowledge right and left, but in class sessions he showed the construction of knowledge from within, developing ideas, connecting the dots and exposing knowledge as something alive and under construction, “not a set of closed systems to be memorized and repeated; he did not teach philosophy, but to philosophize“.
As you can see, he put the utmost interest in encouraging independent and creative thinking in his students, so that, as he said, they would stand on their feet”, adds Solé.
“Study of the capacity of reason with respect to pure or a priori knowledge, that is, not derived from experience although it arose on the occasion of it”, is the appropriate definition to address the main concept developed by Kant: criticism, and that, together with the many issues inherent in his thought and his theoretical approach to knowledgeare broken down in the book The Copernican Turn in Philosophy, as a pocket dictionary to understand this ‘Copernicus’.
“If Copernicus showed the human race that, despite appearances, it was not the Sun that revolved around the Earth, but the Earth around the Sun, Kant discovers that thought does not consist of a passive perception of the data supplied by the senses, but that it is the faculties of the knowing subject that allow there to be knowledge”, Solé points out about the most famous analogy between the astronomer and the philosopher that seeks to explain that the subject is the one who creates knowledge through the intervention of his faculties such as sensitivity and understanding.
Kant. The Copernican turn in philosophy, the third volume of the Discovering Philosophy collection, will circulate today with EL TIEMPO, priced at 26,900 pesos.
Those interested in acquiring the complete collection, worth 589,000 pesos for subscribers and 787,000 pesos for non-subscribers (this price will have a special discount for non-subscribers who, when buying thirty books in the same transaction, will pay 719,000 pesos) can do so through Tienda.eltiempo.com/filosofia or by calling in Bogotá at 601 4266000, option 3, and on the free national line 01 8000 110 990.