The last commander of the extinct guerrilla, Rodrigo Londoño, appeared before the court, accompanied by Pablo Catatumbo Torres Victoria, Pastor Lisandro Alape Lascarro, Milton de Jesús Toncel, Jaime Alberto Parra, Julián Gallo Cubillos and Rodrigo Granda Escobar.
As victims, political and military leaders appeared who were kidnapped to force a so-called ‘humanitarian exchange’, such as the former Valle deputy Sigifredo López, former congressmen Orlando Beltrán and Óscar Tulio Lizcano, former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt and Gloria Narváez, sister of deputy Juan Carlos Narváez.
Also read: ‘Our organization has become a factory of hatred and pain’: ex-FARC
During the exchange between victims and perpetrators there were several relevant events, which EL TIEMPO summarizes below
Orlando Beltrán spoke in the same vein, demanding from the guerrilla commanders “not only recognition, but to contribute to making the truth fully known. Who was behind the crime of kidnapping in the department of Huila? (…) That The country knows who sponsored the war? Who collaborated with them?
Let the country know who sponsored the war? Who collaborated with them?
We invite you to consult: ‘I hope that society and especially the victims can forgive us’: Londoño
Rodrigo Londoño, who in the FARC was known as ‘Timochenko’, admitted that the kidnappings involved cruel treatment and sexual violence, and He asked the other former members of his organization to contribute to clarifying the facts.
“The dynamics of the war degraded us to the point of reaching such treatment,” Londoño added, referring to the captivity of soldiers who were chained and in cages made of wood and barbed wire.
“I never imagined that the war would reach such extremes of cruelty (…). Years later in the negotiation in Havana… I understood how hard and heartbreaking it would be to sit in front of you and listen to all the damage we caused you,” said Pablo Catatumbo.
Read here: Kidnapping: details of ex-FARC hearing in JEP and demands of victims
And he added: “Who planned the kidnapping of the deputies (from the Valley)? We have said that wrongly, irrationally and inhumanlywe made a decision to kidnap civilians linked to politics, representatives of the State to force the exchangeand”.
One of the most vehement on the subject was the former deputy to the Valle assembly Sigifredo López, who in captivity had to experience the murder of his 10 companions in events that have not yet been fully clarified.
“From where here, with a single stroke, the economic reparation of the victims is erased. We have not done anything for the reparation (…) in the peace agreement that issue was not left. We are talking about forgiveness and someone who speaks to you has forgiven, but that it cannot avoid the demands for justice and reparation that the victims are making,” said López, adding that the ex-FARC cannot “give a crouch” in their responsibility to repair.
From where here, in a single stroke, is the economic reparation of the victims erased? We have not done anything for the repair
Also read: The ordeal of a mother who waited 40 years for her son’s body
This was reiterated by Milton Toncel and by Pablo Catatumbo, who assured that “in the FARC-EP, as in all armies, there is compartmentalization and only those who participate in the operation know”.
In this regard, several of the victims denied that this was so. Orlando Beltrán said that Toncel is not telling the truth when he says that he was not informed of the details of the captivity orders of several hostages. “I remember that they had daily radio communications with the secretariat,” he said.
“We have come to assume individual and collective responsibility in the face of one of the most abominable crimes committed by our organization that led to war crimes and crimes against humanity, going against the values on which our struggle was inspired,” said Rodrigo Londoño, adding which makes “the acknowledgment of war crimes and crimes against humanity of a non-amnestiable nature”.
Londoño said that group he underwent a process of “lumpenization”, which embarrasses him and he recognized that cases of “torture” were committed during the kidnapping.