Drought in Salta: The Pilcomayo faces the least amount of water in almost 60 years

The lack of water in the Province of Salta is noted in different municipalities, even from the Public Services Regulatory Entity they advanced that they analyze limits on consumption, on the other hand, a historical downspout is observed in places like the Pilcomayo River according to measurements which started in 1964.

“It is reaching kilometer 70 of the Paraguayan canal,” Artur Niedhammer, director of the Paraguayan government’s National Commission for the Pilcomayo River, told jump12.

“Every day it recedes further,” said the head of the Pilcomayo Basin Alert System, Luis María de la Cruz. “Drought has never been seen before,” added Roberto Salazar, who between 2005 and 2006 monitored the Pilcomayo river basin in Villamontes, Bolivia. “Today we are 40 centimeters below the flow measurements in the last four years”argued on the other hand the secretary of Water Resources of the province, Mauricio Romero Leal.

Although residents of Misión La Paz, a place in the municipality of Santa Victoria Este, on the tripartite border with Paraguay and Bolivia, celebrate the downspout while waiting for the work to contain the flood to be completed, from the other side of the Alberto riverbed Jaime, from Pozo Hondo, a small Paraguayan townhe said that this year he returned to the old nomadic practice of taking the animals 30 or 40 kilometers from their lands.

Image courtesy of Salta12

Bolivia’s National Meteorology and Hydrology Service (Senamhi), meanwhile, stated in a recent report that “with the first triple episode of La Niña underway this century, and the probability that it will continue until the beginning of next year according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the panorama of the drought and its effects in the south of South America worsensand requires informed action by scientific institutions and national governments.”

“The rainfall deficit that affects Bolivia began in 2019 and continues to date, putting both local producers and municipalities in check, who see the water supply affected and warn of a possible energy crisis with the decrease in the flow of water in hydroelectric dams.

According to a survey of jump12the problem began with more force on the flow of the Pilcomayo this year, given that “we have a sustained drought since April in the upper basin,” said De la Cruz.

It happens that the channel is fed by the waters that run off from the Yungas area and Bolivian arid areas. But this year the usual rains at this time did not occur. Added to the lack of precipitation were the fires that affect the region, to influence an “extremely high drought with severe levels,” said the specialist.

The flow of the Pilcomayo is currently 4 cubic meters per second, an exceptionally low value and a record so far in historical flow records, he specified. “The average for November is at least 30 cubic meters per second.”

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