signs-diabetes | Know the six signs that would indicate that you may have diabetes | LIFE

How do you know if you have diabetes?

LOOK: World Diabetes Day: What is the current situation of diabetes in Peru?

  • You’re making more trips to the bathroom: Having to go to the bathroom more than usual, especially at night, is a sign that your blood sugar could be out of control. For example, Dr. Pantalone says that one of his patients came in for a diagnosis after a family member noticed that he was using the bathroom during every commercial break when they were watching TV.
  • You suffer from urinary or fungal infections frequently: When blood sugar is high and the kidneys can’t filter it well enough, the sugar ends up in the urine. More sugar in a hot and humid environment can cause urinary tract infections and yeast, especially in women.
  • You are losing weight without trying: If you have diabetes, your body cannot use glucose (sugar) as effectively as energy. Instead, your body will start burning fat stores and you may experience unexpected weight loss.
  • Your vision is getting worse: High levels of sugar can distort the lenses of your eyes, making your vision worse. Changes in your eyeglass prescription or vision are sometimes a sign of diabetes.
  • You feel fatigued or exhausted: Several underlying causes of fatigue can be related to diabetes/high blood sugar, including dehydration (from frequent urination, which can disrupt sleep) and kidney damage. This feeling of exhaustion is often persistent and can interfere with your daily activities, notes Dr. Pantalone.
  • You are noticing skin discoloration: Something that Dr. Pantalone often sees in people before a diabetes diagnosis is dark skin in the creases of the neck and over the knuckles. Insulin resistance can cause this condition, known as acanthosis nigricans.

Ways to prevent type 2 diabetes

Periodic testing can bring you up to speed

  • Being overweight.
  • Be 45 years or older.
  • If you are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
  • Living with high blood pressure.
  • Having low HDL (good) cholesterol or a high triglyceride level.
  • Having a history of gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more.
  • Not being physically active.
  • Having a history of heart disease, stroke, depression, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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