Violence against women: what is the record of the Macron five-year term?

According to the latest figures from #NousToutes, 102 women have been killed by their spouse or ex-spouse since the start of the year, which is as much as in the entire year 2020. However, Emmanuel Macron had announced it in 2017: “equality between women and men” would be “the great cause of the five-year term”. Two years after the launch of the Grenelle against domestic violence and when the first term of Emmanuel Macron is coming to an end, a look back at what has been done in terms of policy for women’s rights under the five-year term.

Read also >>> At the Maison des Femmes de Saint-Denis, ordinary heroism

From the launch of the Grenelle on domestic violence in September 2019, ten emergency measures had been announced and implemented, in particular the generalization of the possibility of filing a complaint in a hospital. Two years later, 88 departmental agreements, allowing victims to file a complaint in a hospital, were signed. The creation of 1,000 additional accommodation places was also announced on the occasion of the Grenelle. At the end of 2021, 7,820 accommodation places will be available against 6,823 in 2020, according to the latest report “Where is the money for housing women victims of violence? “ published by the Women’s Foundation which estimates that between “21,250 and 35,700 women today need accommodation to get out of violence”. According to the association, the available places should therefore be multiplied by at least two. A finding shared by the High Council for Gender Equality which adds that only one in ten women can actually have access to accommodation “and again, without any guarantee that it is a specialized structure, exclusively accommodating women victims of violence ”.

The electronic bracelet: a faulty system

Among the 46 measures proposed at the end of the Grenelle, 36 were effectively implemented according to the last press release published on September 3 by the government. Among them, the device of the electronic anti-rapprochement bracelet introduced in December 2020 is struggling to convince. Since the start of the year, there have been 499 placements under anti-reconciliation bracelets issued by the courts in France, out of the 1,000 made available. A system that repels some victims for whom the bracelet is a “source of stress because of the too frequent triggering of the alarm”, affirms to the “World” Françoise Bié, director general of the National Federation of Solidarity Women (FNSF). In addition, in urban areas, the use of the bracelet is more complicated because “as the freedom of movement of the lady is total, she can quickly find herself in the same area as the gentleman, without one or the other. has researched ”, notes Ernestine Ronai, head of the Seine-Saint-Denis departmental observatory of violence against women, in an article in“ Le Monde ”.

A vague budget

To implement these various measures, Marlène Schiappa, Secretary of State responsible for equality between women and men at the time, announced 1.116 billion euros allocated to equality between women and men in 2019, compared to 554 million the previous year. Gold in a report published in 2020, Senators Éric Bocquet (Communist Party) and Arnaud Bazin (LR) explain that this amount refers to expenses incurred by the government but spread over several years. For the year 2020, the budget allocated to equality between women and men was therefore rather 557.8 million, according to this report. In addition, of the billion euros announced, 834.5 million euros are intended to finance “programs deployed abroad,” said the report.

Regarding expenses strictly related to the fight against domestic violence, the High Council for equality between women and men reminded “Liberation” in 2019 that there was no “single document clarifying all expenses. committed to the fight against domestic violence ”. According to the transversal policy document of the 2021 finance bill, 29 million euros have been devoted to the fight against violence against women. The budget necessary to fight against violence against women and domestic violence should amount to between 506 million euros and 1.1 billion euros, according to an estimate of the HCE in their latest report “Where is the money against violence against women? “.

A reality far from legal texts

On the legislative side, the Law of 3 August 2018 Against Sexist and Sexual Violence has notably made it possible to create the offense of sexist contempt but also to extend the limitation period, which can now go up to 30 years for sexual crimes committed against minors. Three months later, the Élan law exempted victims from paying their share of the rent in the event of domestic violence. In July 2020, the law to protect victims of domestic violence introduced in particular an exception to medical confidentiality in the event of immediate danger to the victim, even if it is specified that “the health professional must, however, endeavor to ‘obtain the consent of the adult victim before reporting ”.

This text had been debated within the profession, some denouncing a simple “announcement measure” such as Dr. Ghada Hatem. For her, “health professionals aware of domestic violence act before this measure and will act after”, she explains to “Liberation”. In addition, it specifies that the law already makes it possible to derogate from medical confidentiality if a doctor observes abuse inflicted on a minor under the age of 15 or on a vulnerable person, that is to say “who is not in able to protect themselves because of their age or their physical or mental state ”.

Despite the various laws supposed to punish the perpetrators of domestic violence, the High Council for Gender Equality underlines that “only 52,000 domestic abusers are the subject of a criminal response and only 33,000 are the subject of legal proceedings” while 125,000 women declared themselves victims of domestic violence to the police in 2019.

The words of victims of domestic violence are therefore still far from being heard, believed and taken into account by the various actors supposed to welcome them. In November, the hashtag #Doublepeine emerged on social networks, denouncing the difficulty of women victims of gender-based and sexual violence to file a complaint in police stations in which they are little or little heard. Many of them have testified, on social networks, of their bad experience when filing a complaint. For Emmanuel Macron who in 2017 wanted to give back “a little power to hope, to you who sometimes felt alone, sometimes dirty, other times deaf or unheard”, the results are ultimately a little bitter .

Leave a Comment