WASHINGTON – Climate change could force migration of 216 million of people within their countries until 2050, with a special impact on Africa and Asia, warned this Monday the World Bank (WB).
In its new report, entitled “Oleada”, the main global development agency warns that these massive migrations would begin in 2030 and would intensify in 2050.
“It is a stark reminder of the human ravages of climate change, particularly among the poorest, those who have contributed the least to its causes,” said Juergen Voegele, World Bank Vice President for Sustainable Development, in a statement.
Most of these migrants would be fleeing water scarcity, low agricultural productivity and areas affected by rising sea levels.
By region, Sub-Saharan Africa would be the most affected with 86 million internal migrants; followed by Asia Oriental and the peaceful, with 49 million; the south of Asia, with 40 million; the north of Africa, with 19 million; Latin America, with 17 million; and the Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with 5 million.
As an example, the report points out that the lack of access to water in North Africa will force the migration of millions of people in the northeast of Tunisia, the northwest of Algeria and the West and south of Morocco in the next three decades.
In this way, cities like Argel (Algeria), Tunisia and Tripoli (Libya), and the corridor Casablanca-Rabat (Morocco) would bring together a large part of these internal migrants.
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The WB report, however, indicates that if “immediate” and “concerted” actions are taken now to reduce global polluting emissions and promote green development that is resistant to climate change, the scale of this migration could be reduced by 80 % by 2050.