The full Senate of the Republic unanimously approved health reforms that define the use of so-called trans fats in the industrial production of food, especially in flour, cookies, margarines, fried foods, sweets and other products, as well as in non-alcoholic beverages, with which It seeks to reduce obesity and cardiovascular diseases in Mexico.
The reform to the General Health Law that was referred to the Chamber of Deputies for analysis indicates that edible oils and fats, as well as food and non-alcoholic beverages, may not contain partially hydrogenated oils in their presentation for sale to the public, known as trans fats, that have been added during its industrial manufacturing process.
It is determined that foods, non-alcoholic beverages, oils and fats may not exceed two parts of fatty acids trans of industrial production for every hundred parts of the total fatty acids.
Senator for Morena, Lilia Margarita Valdez, promoter of the reform, explained the importance of it because currently in Mexico so-called trans fats are used in margarines, fried foods, foods and sweets, affecting the diet of millions of Mexicans, especially with high rates of cardiovascular diseases.
The reform empowers the Ministry of Health to establish the regulatory bases for trans fatty acids from industrial production.
Ruy López Ridaura, general director of the National Center for Preventive Programs and Disease Control, has pointed out that trans fatty acids from industrial production (AGT-PI) have been defined as toxic substances and as such they must be eliminated from human consumption.
He explained that the policy of the Ministry of Health focuses on controlling cardiovascular risk at three levels of care, said that if they are eliminated from human consumption, between 5% and 10% of cardiovascular deaths could be prevented in the country.
Juan Núñez, coordinator of the Mexico SaludHable Coalition, pointed out that this initiative would end with one hundred years of use of trans fats and partially hydrogenated oils that only benefit those who manufacture food with these components, but that harm those who consume them.
The activist of Salud Justa Mx, Yahaira Ochoa, stated that 58 countries restrict trans fats, for which this year they will protect the health of 3.2 billion people.
Unfortunately, 15 countries that account for 75% of deaths from trans fat consumption have not implemented public policies that limit or prohibit these components.