What is a government of national unity, envisaged by Emmanuel Macron?

French President Emmanuel Macron will speak this Wednesday at 8 p.m. in a first speech after the results of the legislative elections, which deprived his camp of an absolute majority in the National Assembly. What will he announce?

On Tuesday and Wednesday, the Head of State received the leaders of the parties elected to the Assembly to try to find a way out of this political crisis, and the idea of ​​a government of national unity was mentioned by Emmanuel Macron, as communist Fabien Roussel said on Tuesday after his meeting with the president, as did Marine Le Pen on Wednesday.

What is it exactly ? It is a government made up of all the main political forces present in Parliament, on the basis of a draft compromise between the different political formations. If we know this system well in Belgium, a national union never took place under the Fifth Republic in France. This is a case reserved for unprecedented situations, such as in time of war. The best-known example in France is that set up by General De Gaulle, after the Second World War. A first initiative of its kind had also taken place in 1914, before the First World War, on the proposal of President Raymond Poincaré, to deal with the German invasion. The Socialists had then joined the government, to separate from it in 1919.

Thus, Emmanuel Macron should appoint ministers from left-wing parties, united under the Nupes during the elections, Republicans, but also from the National Rally. However, the proposal was not made to all parties with seats in the Assembly: Christian Jacob, the head of the Republicans, and Olivier Faure, first secretary of the PS, told AFP that Macron had no did not mention a government of national unity with them during their meeting.

Moreover, most representatives of the opposition refused the idea, like Fabien Roussel, the ecologist Julien Bayou and France insoumise. “There is no need for a government of national unity, it is not at the Elysée that we should do politics, it is in the Hemycicle”, declared the elected EELV his exit from the Elysée. For his part, the FLI deputy, Manuel Bompard, considered that “it is a perspective in which we obviously cannot find ourselves”. Unlikely therefore.

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