The triumph of the ex-guerrilla Gustavo Petro it was received with great enthusiasm by left-wing populist sectors in Latin America, especially in Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. The result of the second round in Colombia it was perceived as an incentive in the face of the advance of right-wing and anti-system political experiences in several Latin American countries.
Although with the coming to power of a leftist past in the guerrilla, it is inevitable that the populisms closest to Chavismo celebrate it as their own triumph, the component of the vote in Colombia it is not comparable to the political scenarios in the rest of the region. The important victory of Petro it is based more on a vote of anger against the political and institutional system that has been governing that country for decades than what is usually called a turn to the left. It is, without a doubt, the first Colombian experience of that ideology. Although it does not mean that more than 50% of the electorate has turned to Marxism.
In any case, the elected president had greater capacity than his rival Rodolfo Hernandez to show itself as the useful vote against the status quo that for a large part of society colombian represents “Uribism”. The growing weariness and discomfort of that society generated the need for a change vote against a hegemonic system that is attributed to former President Álvaro Uribe, currently charged with corruption crimes. Evidently, Hernandezreceiving the support of that sector for the ballotage, was harmed.
From now on, a huge question mark arises regarding the future management of Petro. It is understandable that the red circle Colombian received the news with great fear and anguish. Too many doubts appear, especially in the relationship with the Venezuela of Nicolás Maduro. If the new president finally decides to consolidate an alliance with the Bolivarian leader, there will surely be a geopolitical change in the region and a lot of internal tension in Colombia.
Now, the fact that the ex-combatant of the M-19 has won the electoral contest does not mean that this effect is automatically transferred to Brazil and guarantees a victory for Luíz Ignacio Da Silva, nor that the Broad Front returns to power in the next presidential elections in Uruguay. Much less than it gives oxygen to the Kirchnerism to continue governing after the frustrating experience of Alberto Fernandez.
In addition, the experiences of Pedro Castillo in Peru and Gabriel Boric in Chile are not exactly successful, and both decided to distance themselves from the Venezuelan regime. Lula and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner they have their electoral flow, but their passage through the presidency puts an important ceiling on them.
The region is in a convulsive stage but in each country there are dissimilar realities that cannot be extrapolated, except for the phenomenon that is registered in several countries of broad social sectors dissatisfied with the traditional political leadership. Situation that generates scenarios like that of the leader of the PT being photographed with his eternal rival Fernando Henrique Cardozo. The panic of a re-election of Jair Bolsonaro crosses ideological borders.