Hoarseness, how to treat it with natural remedies

Everyone sooner or later suffers from it at least once in their life, both adults and children. We are talking about the hoarseness, that is, an alteration of the voice that can present itself with different levels of severity. They range from the inability to make clear sounds – the tone of the voice can therefore be more shrill or more hoarse – to complete aphonia. Hoarseness, which although it can occur at any time of the day is more frequent in the morning or in the evening, is not a pathology but a symptom of a disorder (pathological and non-pathological) affecting the larynx.

This organ, in addition to carrying out protective and respiratory functions, also hosts the vocal cords and is therefore used for the phonation. The vocal cords, when closed, vibrate and modulate the flow of air expelled from the lungs in order to produce sounds. Hoarseness can limit the normal actions of daily life and be very annoying. Let’s find out what are the most effective natural remedies to treat it.

The causes of hoarseness

As we have already said, hoarseness is the expression of a pathological and non-pathological process that affects the larynx. In most cases it is associated with an inflammatory or infectious (viral and bacterial) disease of the respiratory tract. So it can be caused by tracheitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, cold and flu. Also allergy sufferers they can suffer from it as a consequence of the release of histamine that occurs following contact with an allergen.

They are not to be underestimated vocal abuse typical of some professions (singers, professors, call center operators). Although more rarely, hoarseness can be triggered by:

  • Tumors. Among the benign ones, polyps on the vocal cords are frequent, or small growths of tissue that alter the ability of the cords to vibrate. Among the malignant neoplasms, however, those of the lung, larynx and thyroid should be mentioned
  • Neurological pathologiessuch as Parkinson’s disease, myasthenia gravis or multiple sclerosis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux. The typical acidity of this disorder rises upwards and can therefore damage the esophagus and vocal cords
  • Systemic pathologiessuch as hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, upper aortic aneurysm, endocrine dysfunction, congenital malformations.

Non-pathological causes are:

  • Inhalation or hiring from irritants such as alcohol, cigarette smoking
  • Trauma resulting from tracheal intubation or bronchoscopy
  • Medicines. In particular, fluticasone, a cortisone drug that is administered by aerosol to asthmatics. Antihypertensives and contraceptives are also under the magnifying glass
  • Anxiety and stress. Tense situations can alter the tone of your voice.

Symptoms and diagnosis of hoarseness

Sometimes hoarseness may appear without any other associated manifestations. This means that, almost certainly, the cause of the same is not of a pathological nature. Otherwise the disorder is related to symptoms affecting the respiratory tract:

  • Cough
  • Need to scrape the throat
  • Sore throat
  • White spots on the tonsils
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Stuffed nose

There symptomatology it can also be systemic:

  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Burning in the stomach
  • Hemoptysis
  • Chest pain
  • Weight loss

Hoarseness is usually not an expression of serious illness and resolves within a few weeks. If it persists, however, it is advisable to consult your doctor who will make a correct diagnosis using the history and a physical examination. The doctor may also prescribe some laboratory tests and, in the event that these indicate the presence of an infection, request the execution of a throat swab.

Natural remedies for hoarseness

The traditional cures they vary according to the cause of the hoarseness. Generally, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, cortisones or specific drugs are administered for certain pathologies, for example gastroesophageal reflux and hypothyroidism.

When the hoarseness is not marked and is not associated with important pathologies, it is possible to treat it with i natural remedies. Among the most effective we find:

  • The honey. To give it the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties are the active ingredients of which it is rich, such as tannins, vitamins and mineral salts. It can be taken pure two or three times a day, but also dissolved in hot milk or in a herbal tea
  • Erisimo. This plant, known as singers’ weed, relieves sore throats and irritations from cigarette smoke. It can be taken in the form of syrup, mother tincture or herbal tea
  • Cypress essential oil. One drop should be diluted in a teaspoon of maple syrup, which in turn is added to an infusion of thyme
  • Ginger. Gingerol and the essential oils it contains have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is advisable to grate it to consume it fresh or to use it in the preparation of an herbal tea.

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