Members of the Argentine Chamber of Ophthalmology Medicine (CAMEOF) warned today about the need to detect symptoms and alleviate eye infections before the arrival of spring, and stated that “conjunctivitis is one of the most common infections that affect the human eye. Worldwide”.
The specialists recommended taking preventive measures to avoid conjunctivitis and explained what its main causes and forms of transmission are in this season of the year, where allergy symptoms and eye infections are enhanced.
“Worldwide, infectious conjunctivitis, which can be viral or bacterial, represents a third of conjunctivitis,” the institution explained to Telam.
In addition to being bacterial, viral or allergic, the disease can be caused by “nerves, severe depression, poor eye hygiene or excessive reading,” they added.
How is each type of conjunctivitis different?
One of the symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis is lagañas, which keep the eye “glued” by the secretions that adhere to the eyelids.
Regarding its consequences, bacterial conjunctivitis “is not more serious, but exceptionally it can produce an abscess in the cornea, it can be serious if it is not treated in those patients who wear contact lenses,” said the Chamber.
For its part, among the symptoms of viral conjunctivitis are secretions, but with swelling of the eyelids and congestion of the preauricular nodes.
“Many of these cases are caused by an adenovirus that can also cause a sore throat, pharyngitis and a flu-like state with fever and muscle pain,” the institution added. In this sense, it can be mistaken for a cold.
Regarding the “adenovirus”, they pointed out that it is a virus that has many strains that mutate periodically and “today there are more than 300”.
Allergic conjunctivitis, on the other hand, is a seasonal illness in the fall or spring, and its symptoms are swollen and itchy eyelids with a tendency to rub the eyes.
“Regularly, patients who suffer from this type of seasonal conjunctivitis have an allergenic history such as hives,” they reported.
Finally, there is conjunctivitis due to irritative causes, caused by the use of cosmetics or irritating substances, which usually affect mainly the edge of the eyelid.
How can we prevent infections?
The main forms of transmission of conjunctivitis can be through the air, by coughing or sneezing, or by touching surfaces and objects contaminated by microbes and then putting the hands in the eyes without having washed them.
Among the main prevention strategies, CAMEOF highlighted: frequent hand washing; avoid touching the affected area, and if you do, wash your hands immediately; remove the secretions from the eyes twice a day, with paper or disposable wipes; avoid wearing contact lenses; not sharing towels or sheets with other people; Avoid contact of the antibiotic dropper with the infected eye and, if this happens, do not use on the non-infected eye.
He also emphasized sanitizing the hands after placing the eye drops, avoiding exposing the eye to sunlight, avoiding dust, cigarette smoke or allergic substances, not using soaps containing detergent or products not suitable for cleaning the eyes, not attending to swimming pools or swimming pools and avoid makeup in the eye area.
To treat these conditions, in addition to recommending a consultation with ophthalmologists, they pointed out that treatment usually lasts at least 10 days for bacterial conjunctivitis and 14 days for viral. (Télam)