(Also read: Santos and Timochenko toast with the beers of the signers of peace)
Thus, for example, the president Iván Duque and Juan Manuel SantosTwo political opponents shook hands; the former president and Rodrigo Londoño, known as Timochenko, and those who were on opposite shores during half a century of armed confrontation, toasted with a beer made by former veterans now on their way to entrepreneurs.
(In Context: Peace Agreement: This is what its key characters said on the fifth anniversary)
On the day, however, Duque was emphatic in stating that in order to achieve complete peace, one must continue on the road. “It is urgent to investigate the illicit financing of the Farc, because knowing the truth behind drug trafficking: routes, logistics chains and suppliers, will allow us to defeat this scourge,” he said.
(You may be interested: Santos says that Duque seeks to resume peace talks with the ELN)
On this day there were praises from Santos towards Duque: “I have to admit that, thank God, he got on the train of peace, as we have seen him with great satisfaction lately”; and criticisms of the former president Alvaro Uribe by stating that “there was no agreement”.
Just as the victims were the central axis of the peace process and the final agreement signed, they were also the first to speak at the commemoration of the agreements, which took place at the headquarters of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP). José Antequera, son of one of the murdered Patriotic Union leaders, stressed that the peace agreement was achieved through the recognition of pain and suffering.
Today in a meeting with victims of the conflict in Colombia, I have expressed my respect for each of their stories and recognized their enormous courage.
Through their commitment to truth and reconciliation, they have played an essential role in building peace in the country. https://t.co/KWXyGWykXN
— António Guterres (@antonioguterres) November 25, 2021
The president of the JEP, magistrate Eduardo Cifuentes placeholder image, he assured that “the validity of the agreement and its obligatory nature is beyond all doubt”. He stressed that, despite criticism from some sectors of this court, the JEP has been effective with the investigation and prosecution of crimes.
The father Francisco de Roux, president of the Truth Commission, recognized the efforts of the Duque government to finance the institutions of the transitional justice system. However, he drew attention to the security situation: “There was no transformation of the security system towards the protection of people in their communities, nor the arrival of the State with the Comprehensive Rural Reform.”
De Roux also criticized that in this electoral season, “the candidates do not speak of peace because they do not give votes.”
The commemoration was also attended by the Secretary General of the United Nations. António Guterres assured that Colombia will continue to count on the UN in this historic effort to achieve peace.
(Read on: ‘Nothing can justify the violence in Colombia’: António Guterres)
In addition, he emphasized that in a world marked by multiple conflicts, “many of them with no end in sight, the (peace) agreement is unique and extremely valuable.”
Guterres supported the work of the JEP, the UBPD and the Truth Commission saying that these institutions “deserve our admiration and solidarity.”
And he called on the challenges facing the peace process: “Violence by armed groups in connection with drug trafficking contravenes peace and every death in itself is a tragedy. Each death sends a devastating message to these communities ”.
Each death sends a devastating message to these communities: Guterres
Londoño, who was the head of the former guerrilla and now president of the Comunes party, defended the decision to abandon the war: “Nothing and no one will be able to undermine our conviction that the path undertaken is the correct one,” he said.
“In no other agreement has anything similar been achieved in five years,” Santos said, referring to the fact that 95% of former combatants continue in the reintegration process. It was a day full of hopeful gestures.
(It may interest you: Peace agreement: this was said by its key characters on the fifth anniversary)
Miguel Díaz-Canel, President of Cuba.Antony Blinken, US Secretary of State.Josep Borrell, representative of the European Union.Jonas Gahr Støre, Prime Minister of Norway.
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