In the country, almost 80% of the entire population over 18 years of age (24 million inhabitants) is already fully immunized against the coronavirus after having received two doses of vaccines, which has generated a dramatic drop in infections, deaths and hospitalizations for coronavirus and consequently a relaxation of almost all activities. While progress is being made to complete the schemes in that age group and the vaccination of those under 18 has already begun, the question about the possibility of the end of the pandemic as we have known it until now, is present in all debates.
Ernesto Reznik, an Argentine molecular biologist and biotechnologist based in the United States, said that “it is clear that the pandemic as we knew it is ending, although it will not go away completely and will continue to be endemic for some years.”
In dialogue with the “Pensavalle Informa” program on radio Universidad, the scientist pointed out that “In Argentina, the virus stopped circulating exclusively through vaccines and remarked that until its appearance, the only thing that worked to prevent more infections and deaths” were the restrictions.
Reznik maintained that this was one of the main lessons learned from the pandemic, as well as the need to “act quickly and with unity of action to confront it.” On the other hand, he was convinced that “it has deepened inequalities” throughout the world, given the difficulty of the poorest countries in accessing vaccines and having robust health systems to confront and reduce the spread of the virus and contain the infected.
Regarding the need to start with the application of third doses, he was inclined to “finish vaccinating the population that is not yet vaccinated”, rather than starting with that stage, although he said that “if there are surplus vaccines and there is the possibility to reinforce it will have to be done “.
Finally, he affirmed that the great advantage is that “we have sensational vaccines in terms of efficacy” which makes it very possible that “we will lower the circulation towards the end of 2022”.
In turn, the physicist, researcher at Conicet and professor at the National University of Hurlingham, Jorge Aliaga, showed more caution when speaking about the possibility of the end of the pandemic by ensuring that “we are still trying to learn because we have seen what has happened in other countries where care was relaxed and with the delta variant the cases increased “.
Aliaga asserted that in “Argentina the numbers are very good, with a very low incidence of 35 cases per 100,000 inhabitants 15 days ago, but if there is more circulation they can go up” and gave as an example what happened in massive events such as soccer matches. with fans present.
However, he expressed that “the outlook is good and the progress in the” immunization of those under 18 “who represent almost 26% of the population will be a very important step.” He added that among the main lessons learned there are What to incorporate is the importance of proper ventilation in closed spaces and work environments.
Along these lines, he pointed out that the evidence still does not show that third doses are necessary due to the loss of immunity of the schemes already applied, “although it may be that some vaccines are less effective” in that sense, which should be analyzed with the pass of the time. “We have a few months to analyze the possibility of a third dose, which could be elderly, immunodepressed or people with less defenses,” he concluded.